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Best Practices to Evaluate Training Effectiveness for Optimal Results

Let us begin imagining this scenario: you hired an IT professional five years ago who then had the latest qualifications and certifications for their field. 


But in five years, a lot has changed. Thus, the need for upskilling and training has arisen. As an organisation, you cannot keep hiring new employees to replace old ones when a new technological advancement appears on the horizon. Training has become essential for any company to maintain its productivity, profitability, and employee satisfaction.


But just getting your workers training isn’t enough; you must learn how to evaluate training effectiveness.


In human resource management, training programs are pivotal in enhancing employee skills and aligning them with organisational goals. However, the true value of these programs lies in their effectiveness, which necessitates a systematic evaluation process. Evaluating the effectiveness of training is not just about ticking boxes post-training. Instead, it’s about ensuring the investment in learning and development yields tangible results. 


This blog delves into the best practices to evaluate training effectiveness. From setting clear objectives to employing diverse evaluation methods and analysing outcomes, we’ll explore how to ascertain the true impact of your training initiatives.

How to Evaluate Training Effectiveness?

To evaluate training effectiveness, you must have clear objectives and benchmarks before starting the training. For example, post-training, the employee would be better equipped to perform AI modelling on big data sets.


This approach aligns with the best practices for training effectiveness measurement and is crucial in evaluating training effectiveness in HRM. Here are some ways to evaluate training effectiveness:

Define Specific Training Goals

To evaluate training effectiveness, clearly define what the training program is meant to achieve. These goals should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). 


For example, if the training is about improving sales skills, a specific goal could be to increase sales by a certain percentage within a specified timeframe.

Align with Organisational Objectives

Ensure that the training objectives align with the organisation’s broader goals. This alignment ensures that the training contributes to the company’s overall strategic direction.

Establish Performance Benchmarks

Prior to the training, establish performance benchmarks. These baseline measurements can be used to compare pre-and post-training performance and evaluate training effectiveness. 


For instance, if the training is on customer service, the current customer satisfaction ratings could be a benchmark.

Develop Evaluation Metrics

Identify key metrics that will be used to evaluate training effectiveness. These can include 


  1. quantitative measures include test scores, sales figures, or productivity levels 
  2. qualitative measures include participant feedback or behavioural observations

Utilise Kirkpatrick’s Four-Level Training Evaluation Model

Consider using established models like the Kirkpatrick Model to evaluate training effectiveness on four levels- reaction, learning, behaviour, and results. This model provides a comprehensive framework for assessment, from participant reaction to the tangible outcomes of the training.

Set Clear Timeframes for Evaluation

Determine when the evaluations will occur- immediately after the training, a few weeks later, and several months later. This helps in assessing both the immediate and long-term impacts of the training.


By setting clear objectives and benchmarks, you can systematically measure and evaluate training effectiveness, ensuring they deliver the desired outcomes and contribute positively to the organisation’s development.

Methods of Evaluating Training Effectiveness

Leveraging multiple methods of evaluating training effectiveness is essential in accurately assessing the effectiveness of training programs. Combining different approaches allows for a more comprehensive understanding of how the training has impacted participants and the organisation. 


Here are key methods to consider:

Quantitative Methods 

These methods focus on measurable data and often involve pre-and post-training assessments. For instance, tests or quizzes can be administered to evaluate the knowledge gained. Performance metrics, such as sales figures or productivity rates, can also be used to evaluate training effectiveness.

Qualitative Methods

These involve gathering non-numerical data, such as participant feedback and opinions. Methods include surveys, interviews, and focus groups. This type of evaluation provides insights into the participants’ perceptions of the training, its relevance, and areas for improvement.

Observation and Behavioral Assessment

Observing participants during and after the training can provide valuable insights into how they apply their new skills and knowledge in real-world situations. This method is particularly useful to evaluate training effectiveness in soft skills training like leadership or communication skills.

Return on Investment (ROI) Analysis

This method evaluates the financial return on the training investment. It involves comparing the cost of the training with the benefits derived from it, such as increased productivity or reduced operational costs.

360-Degree Feedback

This involves collecting feedback about the training’s effectiveness from various sources – the participants, their peers, supervisors, and even customers. This comprehensive feedback can give a well-rounded view of the training’s impact.

Longitudinal Studies

Conduct follow-up evaluations several months after the training to assess its long-term effectiveness. This can include tracking ongoing performance metrics or conducting follow-up surveys to see if the skills and knowledge from the training are being maintained and applied over time.


By employing a mix of these methods in the evaluation of training and development programme in HRM, organisations can gain a holistic view of their training effectiveness, helping them make informed decisions about future training and development initiatives.

Training Effectiveness Measurement and Feedback Analysis

Analysing the results and implementing feedback are crucial steps in evaluating training effectiveness. This stage involves making sense of the data collected through various evaluation methods and using it to improve future training programs.

Data Analysis

Begin by compiling and analysing the data gathered from different evaluation methods. Look for trends, patterns, and correlations. For quantitative data, this might involve statistical analysis to measure improvements in performance metrics.


For qualitative data, thematic analysis can be used to identify common feedback themes.

Assessing Against Objectives

Compare the results with the initial training objectives and benchmarks. Determine whether the training met, exceeded, or fell short of these goals. This assessment helps in understanding the extent to which the training was effective.

Identifying Strengths and Areas for Improvement

Highlight what worked well and where the training could be improved. This might include 


  • content relevance
  • delivery method
  • participant engagement
  • practical application of the skills learned

Actionable Insights for Future Training

Translate your findings into actionable insights. If certain topics were particularly well-received, consider including more of those in future sessions. If some aspects were consistently criticised, think about how they can be modified or whether they should be omitted.

Feedback Loop to Trainers and Stakeholders

Share the results and insights with the trainers, designers, and other stakeholders involved in the training process. Open communication helps in refining training strategies and methodologies.

Implement Changes and Monitor Impact

Implement the necessary changes based on the evaluation results. It’s also important to monitor the impact of these changes in subsequent training sessions to see if they lead to improved effectiveness.

Continual Improvement Process

Treat training evaluation as a continual process. Regularly reviewing and updating training programs ensures they remain effective and relevant in the face of changing organisational needs and goals.


By thoroughly analysing results and effectively implementing feedback, organisations can continuously enhance their training programs, leading to more effective skill development and greater ROI from their training investments.

How 6 Pence Helps

As we wrap up our exploration of best practices to evaluate training effectiveness, it’s clear that the process requires meticulous planning, diverse evaluation methods, and an ongoing commitment to improvement. This is where our expertise at 6 Pence can be invaluable.


6 Pence simplifies the process of enhancing your workforce, eliminating the usual training and staffing hassles. We offer a comprehensive suite of HR solutions tailored to your organisational requirements, including staff outsourcing, payroll management, and HR consultancy. Our expertise ensures that your staffing and training needs are met efficiently and effectively, aligning with your business goals. 


For more information on how we can assist in optimising your HR processes and to learn about our full range of services, please feel free to contact us.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is training effectiveness? 

Training effectiveness refers to how well a training program meets its objectives. It’s about evaluating whether the training has successfully imparted the necessary skills and knowledge to the participants and whether those participants can apply what they’ve learned in their work. Effectiveness also considers the impact of training on an individual’s performance and, ultimately, on the organisation’s goals.

How do you evaluate effectiveness? 

Evaluating training effectiveness involves assessing various aspects of the training program. This can include 


  • measuring the participants’ knowledge and skills before and after the training
  • gathering feedback from participants
  • observing changes in work performance
  • analysing the return on investment (ROI)

Effective evaluation typically employs quantitative and qualitative methods to view the training’s impact comprehensively.

What are the 4 types of evaluation?

The four types of evaluation, often referred to in the context of the Kirkpatrick Model, are:


  • Reaction
  • Learning
  • Behaviour
  • Results

Also Read: Employee Training Policy in HRM: A Guide for Recruiters


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